Sep 25, 2002

The electrically stimulating one brain region (the right angular gyrus) repeatedly triggers out-of-body experiences. People describe out-of-body experiences as feeling that their consciousness becomes detached from their body, often floating above it. The right angular gyrus integrates visual information — the sight of your body — and information that creates the mind's representation of your body. This is based on balance and feedback from your limbs about their position in space.

We spent the weekend at an agritourismo in Umbria, near Assisi. The place made you feel like you were in a monastery. Rigoroso. It's the first time I've seen the St. Francis Basilica since the earthquake. I was curious to see what had been done to Giotto. Can you imagine how difficult restoration must have been trying to piece together affrescoes as if they were mosiacs.
Giotto's affrescoes mark the beginning of the Renaissance. He was a shepard drawing sheep on rocks when he was discovered by Cimabue. Not only did he become a painter, he was also a keen entrepreneur and cornered the market on pigs' bristles and made fabulous brushes that made him rich.

Giotto founded of the main tradition of Western painting because of the way he broke away from Byzantine tradition and introduced the an illusionistic pictorial space.
Giotto rebelled against medieval restraint by developing the concept of perspective.
In the generation after his death he had an overwhelming influence on Florentine painting; it declined with the growth of International Gothic, but his work was later an inspiration to Masaccio and to Michelangelo. These two giants were his true spiritual heirs.

Of course there's no way to see the affrescoes today as they were seen originally. The colors have been modified by candels, incense and time. Also, at the time there was no electric light and artifical light falsifies colors alot.

In Assisi, Giotto painted most of the affrescoes of the Basilica. They are based on the live of St. Francis.Francis had dreams that geared him towards a new kind of spirituality. He, along with other friars, travelled around Italy preaching and begging. Francis emphasized simplicity and poverty, relying on God's providence rather than worldly goods. Francis was not into pleasure. In those times, it seems that the more you suffered, the closer you were to God. Francis even put ashes on his food to keep from enjoying the flavor. Nevertheless, he didn't tolerate depressed people. He'd reprimand his friars if they had pouty faces. Keep your unhappiness to yourself, he'd say.
One day Clare of Assisi, daughter of a count, heard one one Francis' street sermons and decided that she, too, wanted to live like Francis. So she left the family palace and became a beggar. She found the order of the Poor Clares who are dedicated to work and prayer, penance and contemplation.

Umbria is a collection of juxtaposed wooded hills. At some time during the day, the hills are shrouded by fog and mist. It's a geography that inspires mysticism. I don't think many saints have ever come from beachtowns.
The aftermath of the earthquake are still visible. the earthquake the earthquake

GIOTTO (Ambrogio Bondone, detto) 1267 - 1337 --The Art of Giotto-- The artist's full name was Giotto di Bondone-- Giotto di Bondone -- The Scrovegni Chapel, Padua-- giotto was discovered by cimabue-- Giotto-- giotto-- The emergence of Giotto signaled the beginning of the Renaissance in Italy-- Giotto was the king of the proto-renaissance--
My Eye-- Ambrogio di Bondone, dit Giotto, -- giotto St. Francis Receiving the Stigmata -- Giotto preserva la forzai deale del passato-- Giotto di Bondone che nacque a Colle di Vespignano-- WHO WAS GIOTTO? WHERE AND WHEN WAS HE BORN?-- There is no reason for believing that Giotto was ever a shepherd. -- Florentine painter and architect-- TWO STOLEN WORKS BY GIOTTO ARE FOUND--
Cimabue and Giotto: From Medieval to Renaissance Art--
Power, Illusion, and the Technology of Perspective in the Renaissance -- Perspective as a Geometric Tool that Launched the Renaissance-- Direct and Reverse Perspective-- THE LITERATURE OF ART BY E.H. GOMBRICH-- The Development of Perspective in Art from the Middle Ages through the Enlightenment-- Ignatius, Jerome Nadal and Perspective Art-- Perspective, a History.-- Giotto Tarot by Guido Zibordi Marchesi --
From Greece To Giotto-- Painting Before Perspective-- Linear perspective exists within the geometrical realm of mathematics. -- Giotto pioneered new techniques, developed a philosophy and approach to his subject matter that set new ideals and standards for the artist to accomplish and surpass. --Linear perspective is a mathematical system for creating the illusion of space and distance on a flat surface--PERSPECTIVE& PICTURES --The End of Europe's Middle Ages --Toward a Cognitive Theory of Pictorial Representation--Pictorial Semiotics.--Some Notes on Reversible Perspective: Part I, Sensation as Sign--Renaissance: Italy


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