Apr 10, 2003

lawrence of arabia
T. E. Lawrence, know as Lawrence of Arabia, became famous after WWI because of his role in the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918.

Lawrence, in 1910, joined the British Museum and participated in the excavation of Hittite ruins in Mesopotamia. He later initiated a military career and, in the beginning, was stuck with a desk job in Cairo where he colored maps. But, during WWI, the British interest in the Middle East meant keeping the Turks from gaining control of the Suez Canal. And Lawrence was thus sent to the British Arab Bureau and used in the revolt against the Ottoman Empire and Turkish rule. He was given the job to find Prince Feisel, A Potential Political Pawn. Lawerence learned to ride a camel and then hit the desert. Alone with only a compass and common sense, Lawrence not only found FeisaI but convinced the Brits to install him as ruler of a Mesopotamian mandate. And this created, out of three former Ottoman provinces, without any regard to national coherence, Iraq. Not being a real country but rather one artificially constructed, only force could keep it together. Furthermore, it was formed of 3 groups that hated each other: Kurds, Shiites, Sunnis.

Lawrence unsuccessfully tried to get Arab independence at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919.

The Hashemite monarchy in Iraq survived until the revolution in 1958. But, with the help of the Soviet KGB, the Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq was obliterated (meaning the entire "royal ramily") by a military coup and thus, by 1979, Saddam Hussein gained total control over the Iraqi military regime.

Lawrence of Arabia (1962) is the filmic retelling of T. E. Lawrence's heroic, autobiographical account of his own Arabian adventure, published in "The Seven Pillars of Wisdom" --The Lawrence of Arabia Factfile--Thomas Edward Lawrence--T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) British Soldier and Author--Lawrence of Arabia comes close to perfection in the realms of cinematography, score, script and performances--The Lawrence of Arabia Factfile--
Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph by T. E. Lawrence--
Children With Queen Dina --Europe, Russia and the Middle East --Lawrence Of Arabia (1962)

Bedouin Tribes related links:BEDOUIN TRIBES OF THE EUPHRATES --"Arab nomads, organized in tribes. The term Bedouin (Arabic: Badawi, pl. Badu), denoting an inhabitant of the desert (Arabic: Badiya), is used chiefly by the settled population--Bedouin are traditionally nomadic, living in makeshift tents, and traveling to new fields, new water sources around the year.

Hashemite monarchy related links:
TAKING DEMOCRACY SERIOUSLY IN IRAQ --Government and politics -- Oppression by Procedure --Spreading the Wealth --How Israel Is Wrapped Up in Iraq -- Iraq timeline --Under British supervision, a Hashemite monarchy was established in 1921. The kingdom became independent in 1932 but continued its close relationship with Britain, one predicated on the oil and defense interests of the British.
The word 'Mesopotamia' is in origin a Greek name (mesos `middle' and 'potamos' - 'river' so `land between the rivers'). The name is used for the area watered by the Euphrates and Tigris and its tributaries, roughly comprising modern Irak and part of Syria. South of modern Bagdad, the alluvial plains of the rivers was called the land of Sumer and Akkad in the third millennium.
Kurdistan was erased from the world's maps after World War I when the Allied Powers carved up the Middle East and denied the Kurds a nation-state-- Sunnis vs. Shiites--Sectarianism: Sunnis and Shi`ites--Are the Difference Between Shiites & Sunnis Major or Trivial?--An Outline Of The Differences Between The Sunnis and The Shi'ite in Matters of Faith And Doctrine--Taking Democracy Seriously in Iraq--The roots of modern Iraq begin with the division of the Ottoman Empire following the First World War--Saddam in Context: A History of Iraq --Saddam's regime is a European import by bernard lewis


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