Jul 6, 2007

sand collection, originally uploaded by Los Ojos.

Champollion was a French Egyptologist, who is acknowledged as the father of modern Egyptology. He achieved many things during his short career, but he is best known for his work on the Rosetta Stone. It was his deciphering of the hieroglyphics contained on the Stone that laid the foundations for Egyptian archaeology. -----Father of Egyptology he might be, but Champollion's real claim to fame is as the decipherer of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. His figuring out how to do this was not a sudden revelation as is often mistakenly written but the result of a long process of self-education which had begun in the days of his childhood fascination with arcane languages. Champollion s first step towards his goal of rendering ancient Egyptian readable came in 1808, when he determined that fifteen signs of the demotic script corresponded with alphabetic letters in the Coptic language, and concluded that this modern tongue was the surviving last-stage of the ancient Egyptian one. By 1818 he had succeeded in figuring out that, while some signs were strictly symbolic ideograms, many glyphs also had phonetic value, and thus the ancient Egyptian script was, at least partially, alphabetic. ----Jean-François Champollion---
Il risveglio della scrittura----Ancient Egyptian writing uses more than 2,000 hieroglyphic characters. Each hieroglyph represents a common object in ancient Egypt. Hieroglyphs could represent the sound of the object or they could represent an idea associated with the object----
HIEROGLYPHIC WRITING----The Decipherment of Egyptian Hieroglyphic Text -----Champollion's biographer, Hermine Hartleben, quotes from a Rationalist manuscript Champollion wrote at the age of thirty, saying that it is "undeniable that a change had taken place in his religious views."**----Saint Lawrence, a patron of librarians and archivists, was one of the deacons in charge of keeping early church records. He was put to death on the 10th of August, Anno Domini 258, under the emperor Valerian. According to legend, Lawrence was roasted, so librarians and archivists celebrate his feast by eating cold cuts or having a barbecue. In fact, according to reliable sources, there is little substance to the story of roasting, but Lawrence frequently appears in art carrying a gridiron just the same.-----

I geroglifici sono un tipo di scrittura che ha varie chiavi di lettura----I geroglifici fantastici di Athanasius Kircher-----Athanasius Kircher (listen (help·info)) (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner) (May 2, 1602–November 27 or 28, 1680) was a 17th century German Jesuit scholar who published around 40 works, most notably in the fields of oriental studies, geology and medicine. He made an early study of Egyptian hieroglyphs----when the German Jesuit Athanasius Kircher arrived in Rome in 1635, his reputation had long preceded him: among the twelve languages he claimed to command he included--uniquely for his time--the ability to read ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. He also constructed mechanical devices of marvelous ingenuity, conducted scientific experiments, and seemed to know new and exciting information about virtually every subject under the sun, whose spots and firestorms he had observed with glee through his own telescope----

Egyptian hieroglyphs (sometimes called hieroglyphics) was a writing system used by the Ancient Egyptians, that contained a combination of logographic and alphabetic elements----HIEROGLYPHS----A cartouche is sort of like a nametag-----hieroglyphs images-----

Rome is the city that boaststhe greatest number of obelisks in the world-----OBELISKS OF ROME----Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library ------Most of the spires found in Rome are ancient: they come from Egypt, taken back by roman emperors during the first centuries AD, by the time northern Africa was part of the Roman Empire.---The most distinctive and well-known feature of ancient Egypt is the hieroglyphic writing on temple walls, inscriptions on the Rosetta Stone---obelisks, and stelae----

The latest Grail news is that an archaeologist wants to search for the Holy Grail in the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura in Rome-----SAN LORENZO FUORI LE MURA ----Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le mura----La Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura fu eretta a Roma nel IV secolo d.C. dall'imperatore Costantino per accogliere i fedeli in pellegrinaggio alla tomba del martire Lorenzo, morto nel 266 d.C. all'epoca delle feroci persecuzioni cristiane-----LA BASILICA DI SAN LORENZO FUORI LE MURA----S. Lorenzo fuori le mura (outside the walls) occupies a spot where Constantine founded a church on the burial place of St. Lawrence.---Nella Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura a Roma si conserva la più antica epigrafe latina cristiana che esplicitamente accenna alla transustanziazione-----the Holy Grail which he believes to be located under the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura (which translates to Saint Lawrence outside the Walls) -----La basilica di San Lorenzo è lo scrigno del Graal?----Il Santo Graal si trova a Roma. Forse----della Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, un'importante chiesa di Roma, una delle Sette Chiese e una delle cinque Basiliche patriarcali, situata a ridosso del cimitero del Cimitero del Verano. La basilica ospita la tomba di san Lorenzo, arcidiacono della Chiesa di Roma, martirizzato nel 258----Storia di Lorenzo---Il quartiere San Lorenzo a Roma---Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura (Saint Lawrence Outside the Walls), Rome-----Basilica di S.Lorenzo fuori le Mura F41---more----

Fell and Egyptian----The thing becomes an idea: The Rosetta Stone represents the expansion of knowledge ----The Rosetta Stone is a basalt slab 114 x 72 x 28 cm found in the summer of 1799 in the small Egyptian village of Raschid in the western delta of the Nile. It has been re-used in a structure being demolished by a group of Napoleon’s soldiers so that they can build a barracks. ----

Jean François Champollion was born in France in 1790, under rather peculiar conditions----

Another example of Church interference in a valiant effort of discovery cropped up on BBC 1 on 27th November and 4th December in a short two-part documentary simply called 'Egypt'. This dealt with the well known story of deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics with the aid of the Rosetta Stone. The polymath English physicist, Thomas Young, and the brilliant young French linguist, Jean-François Champollion, sought to break the code. But Champollion, in the 1820s, won the prize of discovering that Egyptian hieroglyphs were truly alphabetic/phonetic. The Catholic Church got wind of Champollion’s work and made a shameful effort to put a stop to it. The Church feared a translation might reveal things contrary to its own teaching on such matters as the age of the earth, Noah’s flood, Adam and Eve, and other gems of ‘Biblical truth’. While in Egypt, Champollion realised some of the Egyptian inscriptions pre-dated the biblical flood, on the Church’s chronology. He kept the information to himself because French ecclesiastics had subtly ordered him not to publish any such findings. Scholarship could not be allowed to embarrass the Church.

The Pronunciation of Ancient Egyptian----This authoritative and defining tome of Egyptology informed literate minds for generations and led directly to the work of the Orientalist, Jean François Champollion. Between 1814 and 1824, Champollion published his pioneering decipherment of previously unreadable ancient Egyptian script. With his formidable language skills and a close study of the Rosetta Stone, the young scholar had solved "the mystery of the hieroglyphics".----

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