Sep 16, 2008

the origins of consiousness

bicameralism......In psychology, bicameralism is a controversial hypothesis which argues that the human brain once assumed a state known as a bicameral mind in which cognitive functions are divided between one part of the brain which appears to be "speaking," and a second part which listens and obeys.
The term was coined by psychologist Julian Jaynes, who presented the idea in the 1976 book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, wherein he made the case that the bicameral mentality was the normal state of the human mind everywhere as recently as 3000 years ago. He used governmental bicameralism metaphorically to describe this state, where the stored up experience of the right hemisphere was transmitted to the left hemisphere via auditory hallucinations. This mental model was replaced by the conscious mode of thought, which Jaynes argues is based on metaphorical language. The idea that language is necessary for subjective consciousness or higher forms of thought has been gaining in acceptance in recent years

Reflections on the Dawn of Consciousness: Julian Jaynes's Bicameral Mind Theory Revisited book----

Neuropsychological Bases of God Beliefs, michel Persinger's basic claim is that all religious experience is, is microseizures in the temporal lobe. He bases this on some interesting findings in temporal lobe epileptics, some of whom develop a syndrome, which sometimes includes enhanced religiosity.----

The Origins and History of Consciousness book....Neumann, a student of Jung, with erudition comparable to that of his teacher, synthesizes Jung's ideas into a unified theory of psychology around his own new concept of "centroversion", his name for the integrative force of the organism--its survival instinct in the widest sense. He shows how ego-consciousness--the self-aware "I" of the modern human being--is the preeminent organ of centroversion, and that, like other, physical, organs, it has had its own evolutionary history----Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind book.....

Mythopoeic thought is a hypothetical stage of human thought preceding modern thought, proposed by H. and H. A. Frankfort in the 1940s. According to this proposal, there was a "mythopoeic" stage, in which humanity did not think in terms of generalizations and impersonal laws: instead, humans saw each event as an act of will on the part of some personal being. This way of thinking supposedly explains the ancients' tendency to create myths, which portray events as acts of gods and spirits.

Early Mythopoeic Thought ----Mythopoeic Thought -----Mythopoeic Thought-- part III-- evolution and Moses ----
What is the orgin of human philosophies?
Movement Away from Mythopoeic Explanation

Thales[Miletus, 624-546 BC]
In the beginning, Anaximander’s Boundless and Infinite Apeiron Created the Heaven and the Earth



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